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Difference Between Gingivitis & Periodontitis

Gingivitis vs PeriodontitisGum disease can cause feelings of embarrassment and even isolation, but you should rest assured knowing that you aren’t alone. In fact, around 47% of Americans will suffer from some form of gum disease. You’re in good company! Here at Balota Family Dentistry, we’ve found that the biggest problem with gum disease is the lack of education about it, especially the differences between gingivitis and periodontitis.

Differences Between Gingivitis & Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a form of gum disease, however, it’s a much more advanced stages of the disease. Gingivitis is a less severe stage of gum disease can easily be reversed. Periodontitis cannot be reversed because by the time this stage has been reached, there has already been bone loss.


Gingivitis is inflammation of the gum tissues caused by an accumulation of plaque on the teeth and gums. At this stage of gum disease, you may not even be aware that you have it, because gingivitis is often painless. Symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Bright red gum tissue
  • Gums that are swollen or inflamed
  • Gum tissue that bleeds easily when brushed or flossed

The earlier we can diagnose and treat gingivitis, the better the outcome will be. Keep an eye out for these symptoms and call our office at the first sign of trouble.


If left untreated, gingivitis will eventually progress into periodontitis. As the gum tissue becomes more and more irritated and swollen, the gums will eventually begin to pull away from the teeth. This will open up small pockets between the gums and teeth, allowing the infection to reach even deeper. As the disease progresses, you’ll experience extreme sensitivity, pain, mouth sores, or even teeth beginning to loosen.

If you believe you’re suffering from gum disease or if you’d like to make an appointment with Dr. Nora Balota, please contact Balota Family Dentistry today. Our family dental office is located in Colorado Springs, CO.

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